Woollen Carpet Weaving Programme

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          Salient features of training centre: 
            Economics of a one-loom unit 

  The Carpet industry in India is more than 400 years old. Being a traditional craft activity, it is rural based, highly labour intensive and export oriented. This industry provides employment to millions of workers mainly concentrated in Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and Jammu & Kashmir. Varieties of carpets are produced in our country, which enables us be a leading amongst developing countries in export of carpets. The annual export of carpet from India is around Rs.2,315 Crores. It is thus evident that this industry is also a major source of earning foreign exchange. 

            Considering the employment potentiality of this industry an attempt was made during 1980-81 to introduce this craft in Orissa. With financial assistance from Development Commissioner (Handicrafts), Government of India and State Government in T.R.W. Department, 11 training Centres were set up in 4 districts, namely, Bolangir, Cuttack, Ganjam and Puri and skill training had been imparted to 587 candidates. But, the programme could not be successful due to lack of proper marketing tie-up. 

            In 1988, M/s. Triveni Carpet Industries, an Export House from Gopiganj, Varanasi in U.P. visited Orissa and evinced interest to take-up carpet production. After due deliberation with them and visit of their firm at Gopiganj, the Woollen Carpet Weaving Programme, was again launched in 1989-90 with necessary tie-up arrangement with M/s. Triveni Carpet Industry. They agreed to provide technology support, supply the raw-materials and market the entire finished goods. The programme is implemented in clusters of following districts.

            (1)        Puri                  (2)        Khurda                         (3)        Nayagarh 

            (4)        Cuttack            (5)        Jagatsinghpur                (6)        Dhenkanal                       

This programme involves: 

            (a)        Skill Training 

            (b)        Production

(a)        Skill Training

            Since the craft is alien to the State importance was given for skill transfer. In the first phase refresher training was arranged for 181 candidates trained previously from 1980-81 to 1985-86. Subsequently, Government decided to create carpet zone in the above selected districts by opening 33 training centres at different places. 

Salient features of training centre: 

(1)        No. of looms in each Centre     :           10 

(2)        Intake capacity             :           40 (mainly women)     

(3)        Duration of training                   :           1 year 

(4)        Engagement of MCM               :           1 MCM and 1 Asst. MCM sponsored                                                                            by M/s. TCI 

(5)        Raw-materials                          :           To be provided by M/s. TCI 

(6)        Map and sketches                    :           To be provided by M/s. TCI 

(7)        Supervision                               :           Directorate of H&CI / DIC / M/s. TCI

 (8)        Financial assistance of Government       : 

(a)                Stipend @ Rs. 150/-per trainee per month.

(b)               Remuneration of MCM and Asst. MCM @ Rs.2000/-and Rs.1500/-per month respectively.

(c)                House-rent -upto Rs. 1000/-per month.

(d)               Compensation loss of raw-materials -@ 30% of the cost of raw-material used for completed carpet during the training with maximum ceiling of Rs. 500/-per trainee per course.

(e)                Contingency – Rs. 6000/-per centre per course including transportation cost of raw-material from Bhubaneswar to training centre.

(f)                 Cost of looms and installation thereof. 

            Till end of 2001-2002, training has been imparted to 7145 artisans with an expenditure of Rs.197.49 lakh. The district-wise break-up is as follows:

            District                        # Trained 

            Puri                              1626

            Khurda                         1767   

            Nayagarh                     1222

            Cuttack                        955

            Jagatsinghpur                891

            Dhenkanal                    684                 

            Total                           7145 

            Due to constraint of budgetary support and delay in rehabilitation of trained artisans, the number of training centres were gradually reduced from 1997-98. At present, only 8 training centres are running with intake capacity of 240 trainees. 

(b)        Production of Carpet: 

            Along with transfer of skill, production of Carpet in Orissa is the aim of this programme, so that employment can be generated. For production of Carpet, M/s. TCI has committed to provide raw-material, maps etc. free of cost and lift the finished goods on payment of wages to the weavers. So far, 628 looms have been provided to the trained artisans under Govt. sponsored programme whereas 90 looms have been arranged from other sources as per the details below: 


Source of supply of looms

No. of looms supplied/ available for production

No. of looms engaged in production










OK & VI Board




Govt. (Hire purchase of idle carpet looms)















             After supply of looms under Khadi & Village Industries programme the production of Carpet was started in 1993-94. At present, the production is going on in 547 looms at 30 places with employment of 1611 artisans having tie-up arrangement with M/s. TCI. Year-wise production of Carpet & payment of wages are given in the following table. 


Carpet production

(in Sq. yard)

Wages paid

(in Rs)




1994 -1995



1995 -1996



1996 -1997



1997 -1998



1998 -1999



1999 -2000



2000 -2001



2001 -2002



                       Economics of a one-loom unit           

A         Requirement of space   60 Sft. 

B          Cost of loom & accessories      Rs. 10,000/- (Approximately.)            including installation cost.


C         Employment     4 Artisans 

D         Raw-materials & maps To be provided by M/s. TCI free of cost. 

E          Production capacity     45  two-feet lines per artisan per day. 

F          Rate of wages   Rs.0.90 to Rs.1.30 per two-feet. 

G         Per capita monthly income.       Rs. 1012/-to Rs. 1462/- 

H         Repayment of loan       

            i)          Rate of interest 12%

            ii)         Repayment period        5 years

            iii)         Monthly instalment        280/-

            iv)        Interest per month         100/-

            v)         Contribution of each artisan per month  95/-