Woollen Carpet Weaving Programme
The Carpet industry in India is more than 400 years old. Being a traditional craft activity, it is rural based, highly labour intensive and export oriented. This industry provides employment to millions of workers mainly concentrated in Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and Jammu & Kashmir. Varieties of carpets are produced in our country, which enables us be a leading amongst developing countries in export of carpets. The annual export of carpet from India is around Rs.2,315 Crores. It is thus evident that this industry is also a major source of earning foreign exchange.
Considering the employment potentiality of this industry an attempt was made during 1980-81 to introduce this craft in Orissa. With financial assistance from Development Commissioner (Handicrafts), Government of India and State Government in T.R.W. Department, 11 training Centres were set up in 4 districts, namely, Bolangir, Cuttack, Ganjam and Puri and skill training had been imparted to 587 candidates. But, the programme could not be successful due to lack of proper marketing tie-up.
In 1988, M/s. Triveni Carpet Industries, an Export House from Gopiganj, Varanasi in U.P. visited Orissa and evinced interest to take-up carpet production. After due deliberation with them and visit of their firm at Gopiganj, the Woollen Carpet Weaving Programme, was again launched in 1989-90 with necessary tie-up arrangement with M/s. Triveni Carpet Industry. They agreed to provide technology support, supply the raw-materials and market the entire finished goods. The programme is implemented in clusters of following districts.
(1) Puri (2) Khurda (3) Nayagarh
(4) Cuttack (5) Jagatsinghpur (6) Dhenkanal
This programme involves:
(a) Skill Training
(a) Skill Training:
Since the craft is alien to the State importance was given for skill transfer. In the first phase refresher training was arranged for 181 candidates trained previously from 1980-81 to 1985-86. Subsequently, Government decided to create carpet zone in the above selected districts by opening 33 training centres at different places.
(1) No. of looms in each Centre : 10
(2) Intake capacity : 40 (mainly women)
(3) Duration of training : 1 year
(4) Engagement of MCM : 1 MCM and 1 Asst. MCM sponsored by M/s. TCI
(5) Raw-materials : To be provided by M/s. TCI
(6) Map and sketches : To be provided by M/s. TCI
(7) Supervision : Directorate of H&CI / DIC / M/s. TCI
(8) Financial assistance of Government :
(a) Stipend @ Rs. 150/-per trainee per month.
(b) Remuneration of MCM and Asst. MCM @ Rs.2000/-and Rs.1500/-per month respectively.
(c) House-rent -upto Rs. 1000/-per month.
(d) Compensation loss of raw-materials -@ 30% of the cost of raw-material used for completed carpet during the training with maximum ceiling of Rs. 500/-per trainee per course.
(e) Contingency Rs. 6000/-per centre per course including transportation cost of raw-material from Bhubaneswar to training centre.
(f) Cost of looms and installation thereof.
Till end of 2001-2002, training has been imparted to 7145 artisans with an expenditure of Rs.197.49 lakh. The district-wise break-up is as follows:
District # Trained
Due to constraint of budgetary support and delay in rehabilitation of trained artisans, the number of training centres were gradually reduced from 1997-98. At present, only 8 training centres are running with intake capacity of 240 trainees.
(b) Production of Carpet:
Along with transfer of skill, production of Carpet in Orissa is the aim of this programme, so that employment can be generated. For production of Carpet, M/s. TCI has committed to provide raw-material, maps etc. free of cost and lift the finished goods on payment of wages to the weavers. So far, 628 looms have been provided to the trained artisans under Govt. sponsored programme whereas 90 looms have been arranged from other sources as per the details below:
After supply of looms under Khadi & Village Industries programme the production of Carpet was started in 1993-94. At present, the production is going on in 547 looms at 30 places with employment of 1611 artisans having tie-up arrangement with M/s. TCI. Year-wise production of Carpet & payment of wages are given in the following table.
A Requirement of space 60 Sft.
B Cost of loom & accessories Rs. 10,000/- (Approximately.) including installation cost.
C Employment 4 Artisans
D Raw-materials & maps To be provided by M/s. TCI free of cost.
E Production capacity 45 two-feet lines per artisan per day.
F Rate of wages Rs.0.90 to Rs.1.30 per two-feet.
G Per capita monthly income. Rs. 1012/-to Rs. 1462/-
H Repayment of loan
i) Rate of interest 12%
ii) Repayment period 5 years
iii) Monthly instalment 280/-
iv) Interest per month 100/-
v) Contribution of each artisan per month 95/-